Although the Tashkent Declaration was hailed as a great diplomatic success, it did not limit the possibility of a future conflict between India and Pakistan. A possibility that still exists today. Tashkent Agreement (January 10, 1966), an agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri (died the next day) and President Ayub Khan of Pakistan, which ended the 17-day war between Pakistan and India from August to September 1965. A ceasefire was ensured by the United Nations Security Council on 22 September 1965. Mediation took place by the USSR, at which a meeting was held in Tashkent from 4 to 10 January 1966 in order to establish a more lasting peace between India and Pakistan. The meeting took place between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan, Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin I. The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agree that both sides will do everything in their power to establish good neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan, in accordance with the UN Charter. They reaffirm their commitment under the Charter not to use force and to settle their differences by peaceful means. They considered that the interests of peace in their region, and especially in the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent, and indeed the interests of the peoples of India and Pakistan, were not served by the continued tensions between the two countries. In this context, Jammu and Kashmir were discussed and each of the parties set out its respective positions. The Soviets, represented by Prime Minister Alexei Kossygin, animated between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan.
  IV The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that both sides will discourage any propaganda directed against the other country and encourage propaganda that promotes the development of friendly relations between the two countries. The war between India and Pakistan in 1965 was an escalation of small irregular fighting between the two countries from April 1965 to September 1965.  This was the control of the resources and population of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, a sore point between the two countries since partition in 1947.  The agreement was criticized in India because it did not contain a non-war pact or renunciation of guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. . . .