Part III of the agreement provides for the obligation for Member State governments to provide procedures and remedies in accordance with their domestic law to ensure that intellectual property rights can be effectively enforced by foreign rights holders and their own nationals. Procedures should allow effective measures to be taken to combat the violation of intellectual property rights, but be fair and equitable, not unnecessarily complicated or costly, and not lead to undue delays or unjustified delays. They should allow for judicial review of final administrative decisions. There is no obligation to create a legal system that is different from that which governs the application of legislation in general, nor to give priority to the application of intellectual property rights in the allocation of resources or personnel. The agreement includes both general exceptions and security exceptions similar to GATT Articles XX and XXI. It also includes negotiations on the development of trade-distorting subsidy disciplines in the services sector. This agreement will extend and clarify the agreement on technical barriers to trade reached during the Tokyo round. The aim is to ensure that technical negotiations and standards, as well as testing and certification procedures, do not create unnecessary barriers to trade. However, it recognizes that countries have the right to provide protection at a level they deem appropriate. B for example for human life, animal or plant, or for health or the environment, and that they should not be prevented from taking the necessary measures to ensure compliance with these levels of protection.
The agreement therefore calls on countries to apply international standards where they are appropriate, but it does not require them to change their level of protection because of standardization. The agreement requires that all interim or final anti-dumping measures must be notified promptly and in detail to an anti-dumping practices committee. The agreement will allow the parties to consult on all issues related to the implementation of the agreement or the promotion of its objectives and to call for the creation of bodies to review disputes. The agreement would create a safeguard committee to monitor the implementation of its provisions and, in particular, to monitor its obligations. The Uruguay Round Agricultural Agreement remains the most important agreement in the history of trade negotiations for the liberalisation of agricultural trade. The aim of the agreement was to improve market access for agricultural products, reduce national aid to agriculture in the form of price-distorting subsidies and quotas, eliminate agricultural export subsidies over time and harmonize health and plant health measures among Member States as much as possible.